Óbidos Castle, From Romans to Portugals’ foundation
Óbidos Castle dates its origin to Roman era and was afterwards fortified by Arabs.
Later, it was conquered by the Christians (1148), suffering several repairs and enlargements. In D.Manuel I reign, his mayor ordered the courts’ construction and some adjustments in the Castle.
Paço dos Alcaides exhibits beautifully cuted manueline windows that open to the yards’ interior.
Also, the main room chimney and the portal topped by the royal and Noronhas’ family weapons dates this time.
The court suffered several damages during the 1755 earthquake.
In the twentieth century it was in full ruins, being recovered afterwards when an inn was set there (The first states’ inn on a historic building).
Nowadays located in Santa Marias’ parish, Óbidos’ village and county is very old in its history.
Formerly these lands gave shelter to many people whose names we learned at school.
Such as the Lusitanos, Romans, Visigoths and Muslims (There actually is an archaeological station near the village that proves Romans dwelt these lands).
Muslims rose the fortress walls and in 1148 these same walls were conquered by the first king Portugal had ever known – D.Afonso Henriques.
The castle suffered some works after the reconquest. D.Sancho I ordered these works and “gave” the village its Carta de Foral in 1195.
As time and kings(Afonso II and D.Sancho I) went by, D.Dinis makes an endowment of the village to his queen.
From that day forward Óbidos earns the title “House of the Queens”. Title to be ceased in 1834.
Óbidos Castle was severely affected by 1755 earthquake. Later in the twentieth century it was restructured and a major part of the walls rebuilt.
One curious history connected to this Castles’ walls is the name given to its villagers – Moles, as it is told that when Óbidos was “under fire”, there were subterranean tunnels under its walls used to provide supplies to villagers.